Monumen Kota Bukit Tinggi, Jam Gadang Sumatera Barat

Jam Gadang

Jam Gadang adalah menara jam yang menjadi penanda atau ikon Kota Bukittinggi, Sumatra Barat, Indonesia. Menara jam ini dibangun pada 1926 dengan ketinggian 26 m. Di empat sisinya, terdapat jam berukuran besar berdiameter 80 cm sehingga dinamakan Jam Gadang, sebutan bahasa Minangkabau yang berarti “jam besar”.

Jam Gadang menjadi lokasi peristiwa penting pada masa sekitar kemerdekaan Indonesia, seperti pengibaran bendera merah putih (1945), Demonstrasi Nasi Bungkus (1950), dan pembunuhan 187 penduduk setempat oleh militer Indonesia atas tuduhan terlibat Pemerintahan Revolusioner Republik Indonesia (1959).

Saat ini, Jam Gadang menjelma menjadi objek wisata dengan perluasan taman di sekitarnya. Taman tersebut menjadi ruang interaksi masyarakat baik pada hari kerja maupun pada hari libur. Acara-acara yang sifatnya umum biasanya diselenggarakan di sini.

Ukuran dasar bangunan Jam Gadang yaitu 6,5 x 6,5 meter, ditambah dengan ukuran dasar tangga selebar 4 meter, sehingga ukuran dasar bangunan keseluruhan 6,5 x 10,5 meter. Bagian dalam menara jam terdiri dari lima tingkat, dengan tingkat teratas merupakan tempat penyimpanan bandul.

Terdapat empat jam dengan diameter masing-masing 80 cm pada Jam Gadang. Jam tersebut digerakkan secara mekanik oleh mesin yang didatangkan langsung dari Rotterdam, Belanda melalui pelabuhan Teluk Bayur. Mesin jam dan permukaan jam terletak pada satu tingkat di bawah tingkat paling atas. Pada bagian lonceng tertera pabrik pembuat jam yaitu Vortmann Relinghausen.

Vortman adalah nama belakang pembuat jam, Benhard Vortmann, sedangkan Recklinghausen adalah nama kota di Jerman yang merupakan tempat diproduksinya mesin jam pada tahun 1892.

Jam Gadang Sumatera Barat

Jam Gadang (Indonesian for “Big Clock”) is a clock tower and prominent landmark in the city of Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia. It is located in the center of the city, near the main market, Pasar Ateh. The clock tower has four large clocks on each side, hence its name.

History:

Jam Gadang was built in 1926 by the Dutch colonial government as a gift to the people of Bukittinggi. The clock tower was designed by a Dutch architect, Yazid Abidin, and constructed by a local contractor, H. Nisar. The clock tower was inaugurated on 26 July 1927, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the founding of Bukittinggi.

Architecture:

Jam Gadang is a 26-meter-tall (85-foot) clock tower with a four-sided clock. The clock tower is made of concrete and has a Minangkabau-style roof. The clock tower is decorated with traditional Minangkabau motifs, such as the gonjong roof and the singa kura-kura (lion-turtle) motif.

Tourism:

Jam Gadang is a popular tourist destination in Bukittinggi. The clock tower is a symbol of the city and is often featured in postcards and souvenirs. Visitors can climb to the top of the clock tower for a panoramic view of the city.

Here are some other interesting facts about Jam Gadang:

  • The clock tower was originally named “Gedung Jam Bukittinggi” (Bukittinggi Clock Tower).
  • The clock tower was damaged during the Japanese occupation of Indonesia (1942-1945). It was repaired in 1950.
  • The clock tower was declared a national cultural heritage in 2007.
  • Jam Gadang is featured on the 20,000 rupiah banknote.

Trip to Jam Gadang, West Sumatra: A Journey to the Heart of Minangkabau

Jam Gadang, or the Clock Tower, is an iconic landmark in the city of Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia. Built in 1926, this four-story clock tower is a symbol of the city and a popular tourist destination.

A Journey to the Past:

A trip to Jam Gadang is a journey back in time. The clock tower was built during the Dutch colonial era and its architecture reflects a blend of European and Minangkabau styles. The tower is surrounded by a park with lush greenery, making it a perfect place to relax and take in the sights.

Things to Do:

There are many things to do in Bukittinggi and its surrounding areas. Here are some suggestions:

  • Visit the Jam Gadang Museum: Learn about the history of the clock tower and the city of Bukittinggi.
  • Take a walk around the park: Enjoy the fresh air and the beautiful scenery.
  • Try the local food: Bukittinggi is famous for its delicious Minangkabau cuisine.
  • Go shopping: There are many shops and markets in Bukittinggi where you can buy souvenirs and local products.
  • Visit the nearby attractions: There are many other interesting places to visit in Bukittinggi and its surrounding areas, such as the Great Mosque of Bukittinggi, the Museum Rumah Adat Minangkabau, and the Sianok Canyon.

How to Get There:

Bukittinggi is easily accessible by air, land, and sea. There are several airlines that operate flights to the Minangkabau International Airport, which is located about 30 kilometers from Bukittinggi. You can also take a bus or train to Bukittinggi from other cities in Sumatra.

Where to Stay:

There are many hotels and guesthouses in Bukittinggi to choose from. You can find budget-friendly options as well as luxury accommodations.

Tips:

  • The best time to visit Bukittinggi is during the dry season, which is from May to October.
  • Be sure to bargain when shopping in Bukittinggi.
  • Learn a few basic Indonesian phrases before you go.
  • Dress modestly when visiting religious sites.

A trip to Jam Gadang is a great way to experience the culture and beauty of West Sumatra. With its stunning scenery, delicious food, and friendly people, Bukittinggi is a destination that you will never forget.

If you are ever in Bukittinggi, be sure to visit Jam Gadang. It is a beautiful and iconic landmark that is sure to leave a lasting impression.

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